Various diseases can cause diarrhea, and accordingly, the necessary treatment and the right diet are different. Most of the cases are of infectious origin, and the pathogen is transmitted to children by the unclean hands of an infected person.
Diarrhea can be a symptom of many diseases, such as infection, food poisoning, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel diseases, and even lower lobe pneumonia in children and often appendicitis. Diarrhea can also be seen in intestinal infection caused by Candida fungus, milk allergy, or overfeeding the little one. The most common of the above reasons is diarrhea of infectious origin. In infants, a loosening of the stool can also be observed when teething – this cannot be classified as diarrhea, but many parents experience it this way.
There are usually two large groups of infectious diarrhea known in everyday life: diarrhea caused by viruses and diarrhea caused by bacteria. The infection can spread through unclean hands and the consumption of unwashed fruits and vegetables when the pathogen enters the body with a plant contaminated with fertilized (mixed with infected feces) earth. Therefore, from the point of view of prevention, careful hand washing and thorough cleaning of vegetables, fruits, and frying of meats are worth paying attention to.
Diarrhea: what symptoms can we notice?
Symptoms include loosening of the stool, which can vary from stools with a slightly looser consistency to very thin, water-like stools. The stool may contain mucus, pus, or blood. The number of bowel movements can range from 3 to up to 10-20 per day.
A common complaint is abdominal squinting, cramping abdominal pain, which may disappear for a short time after a bowel movement, and then the pain reappears. Symptoms may be accompanied by nausea, nausea, vomiting, the departure of foul-smelling winds, drowsiness, a fallen condition, possibly low-grade fever, and fever. In infants, in addition to all this, loss of appetite, crying, pulling up the two legs can draw our attention to the disease.
If diarrhea is suspected to be caused by a bacterial infection (e.g., Salmonella), a stool sample should be sent for microbiological analysis. This should be considered primarily if the stool is slimy, purulent, bloody, or very smelly or if no improvement occurs with the use of symptomatic agents.
What does the doctor notice during the examination of our child?
The throat is usually full of blood. Increased bowel movements can be detected by auscultation above the abdomen. The abdomen is puffy, gassy, and in a significant part of the cases, the abdomen is slightly or moderately pressure sensitive palpation.
Another symptom may be dehydration of the child. This mainly occurs if the child has a lot of diarrhea, the symptoms are accompanied by fever, vomiting, or insufficient fluid consumption. In children, it is always necessary to take very seriously the symptoms of dehydration, which are plaque on the tongue, dented eyes, an increase in the wrinkling of the skin. In infants, the Fontanel becomes an accident. In severe cases, the child may become confused, uninformed, sleepy.
How can we help our children?
First of all, it is important that our child is on a diet. The little patient should not consume milk, dairy products, fibrous, carbonated soft drinks and avoid eating fried, spicy, fatty foods for 4-5 days!
However, it is also important that your child eats the right amount of food; otherwise, his body will be weakened. Give him boiled, steamed, easily digestible food, boiled, stewed meat, boiled rice, boiled potatoes, weak broth. Apples and bananas are also great foods at this time, as the body loses a lot of potassium during diarrhea, which is an important ion for the body, and bananas are an excellent substitute for this. Also, you can give buttery bread with thin ham (liver cream, sausages are forgotten at this time), toast, household biscuits.
Of course, breast milk feeding does not have to be suspended even in the event of diarrhea in your little one.
ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONSWhy are electrolyte solutions beneficial? It replaces various ions lost with diarrhea, such as sodium, potassium, chlorine, and other important substances for the body. These solutions also contain sugar, which is important because the salt itself is not absorbed by the diarrhea patient but is absorbed with the sugar. If your child does not drink any electrolyte solution, they can also drink sugary-salty tea.
Drink plenty of fluids with diarrhea, preferably tea or still water or filtered juice. It is worth drinking an electrolyte solution with your little one. In pharmacies, they are available in several flavors, so we can choose the most suitable for the child’s taste.
Great care must be taken to carefully follow the diet! Unfortunately, many people make the mistake of being happy when the little patient has a better appetite and starts giving the little one dairy products, which causes diarrhea to return, and the treatment can be started again.
From the point of view of therapy, the other important and excellent preparations are the various probiotic preparations that restore the intestinal flora. They are usually tasteless, so they are easy to give to children. Probiotic preparations are beneficial for the intestinal system because our protective intestinal flora is damaged during diarrhea, the number of important intestinal bacteria will be even less, so it is worth replacing them for effective healing.
The above-mentioned preparations are also on the market in the form that can be given to babies.
In particular, in case of dehydration, hospital referral may take place, in which case infusion therapy takes place. And if it turns out that the diarrhea was caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotic treatment may be the right remedy in some cases. Fortunately, children usually recover quickly from illness and quickly eat out of the fridge.